Rules for Agreement of Verb with Subject Concord

When writing in English, it is important to ensure that the verb agrees with the subject in the sentence. Concord, also known as subject-verb agreement, is essential for clear and effective communication. Here are some rules to follow when it comes to subject-verb agreement in your writing:

1. A singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb.

For example:

– The cat is sleeping.

– The cats are sleeping.

2. Indefinite pronouns can be tricky. Use singular verbs for these pronouns: someone, anybody, everybody, nobody, anyone, each, either, neither, and no one.

For example:

– Someone has left their coat on the chair.

– Each of the students has submitted their assignment.

3. Compound subjects joined by and take a plural verb.

For example:

– John and Maria are going to the movies.

4. However, if the subjects are joined by or, the verb agrees with the subject closest to it.

For example:

– Either John or Maria is going to the movies.

5. Collective nouns, representing a group of people or things, can take a singular or plural verb depending on whether the group is acting as a whole or as individuals.

For example:

– The team is practicing for the game.

– The team are arguing among themselves.

6. When using nouns that are always plural, such as scissors or pants, use a plural verb.

For example:

– His pants are too tight.

7. Inverted sentences, where the subject comes after the verb, still require agreement of subject and verb.

For example:

– In the park were many kids playing.

8. Be careful of interrupting phrases between the subject and verb. The verb must still agree with the subject.

For example:

– The book, along with its cover, has been damaged.

By following these rules, you can ensure that your writing is clear and easy to understand. Subject-verb agreement may seem simple, but it is a crucial aspect of effective communication. Make sure to double-check your writing to avoid any errors in concord.

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